India is world’s largest democracy with 90 crores (900 million) voters. This number is four times eligible voters in the United States of America, the second largest democracy.
In 2019-India general election, 10 percent of world’s population is eligible to vote. There are 8.3 crores (83 million) new voters since 2014 general elections. Also there are 1.5 crores voters in the age group of 18-19 years. In last general elections, held in 2014, out of more than 83 crores (830 million) eligible voters, more than 55 crores (550 million) people voted.
The first election in India was held in1951-2
Conducting elections in India is a mammoth task. The elections are spread over 39 days from 11 April to 19 May, in seven phases. There are 10 lakh (1 million) polling stations.
The race at national level is between two major political parties – Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress (INC) with each having coalition with some regional parties. There are 543 elected seats in the lower house, Lok Sabha and 272 seats are needed to form the government. In 2014 elections BJP alone won 282 seats where as Congress bagged only 44 seats. It is not going to be a cake-walk for any party and is seen as a close contest.
The election results will be out on May 23.